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Toilet Design Templates

Sustainability Issue 7
Potential Users: Urban Design Professionals
, Local Authorities, Community
When to use: in the Detailed Design section of the Urban Design Decision-Making Process

Related Tools: Inclusive Toilet Hierarchy, Toilet Audit Tool, Toilet Case Studies, Toilet User Personas, Toilet User Surveys
For more information, contact Julienne Hanson.

Many older
standard cubicles
are not suitable
for users.
(Bichard 2006)
VivaCity 2020By looking at the range of users’ needs, VivaCity2020 were able to identify a number of common requirements linked by different disabilities and needs. This led to a selection of design templates for accessible and inclusive toilets which built on recommendations from a wide range of British Standards. These Design Templates should be used in conjunction with the Inclusive Toilet Hierarchy.

With such a wide spectrum of needs and requirements within accessible toilets, many users found that the minimum provision was often less than adequate. With such a variety of needs it became clear that there is no ideal provision, but that a mix must be provided to ensure local demand can be met.

Here is a selection of cubicles which cover a range of needs:
  • Ambulant Cubicle*: this cubicle is provided in larger standard toilet facilities
  • Unisex Corner Accessible Cubicle*
  • Peninsular Accessible Cubicle*: this facility is generally only suitable for situations where assisted toileting is required.
  • Ambulant Plus Cubicle (jpeg): developed by the research team for use by people who require more space
  • Universal Cubicle (jpeg): this is the Centre for Accessible Environment’s (CAE) recommended cubicle which meets the basic standards of accessibility when there is only capacity for one toilet compartment.
  • Accessible Plus Cubicle (jpeg): this toilet compartment is recommended by PAMIS, which is an organisation campaigning for adult changing facilities with space for up to two caregivers
  • Family Cubicle (jpeg): developed by the research team for use by people and families who required more space.
The above image shows the most widely available cubicle designs alongside a number of populations in a pyramid (Goldsmith, 2000). The large base of the pyramid represents the more able-bodied section of the population who do not experience any architectural barriers. Lack of provision often means that accessible toilets are used by people who do not have disabilities, such as parents and children, and women who would otherwise have to queue for a standard toilet. This means that disabled users often have difficulty finding a vacant accessible toilet because they are occupied by able bodied individuals.
These problems can be overcome by the provision of a greater range of cubicles. As is demonstrated on the right hand side of the pyramid, there would be more choice for every group if a greater range was provided. Providers would be expected to match the selection of cubicles provided to their customer base.

* These layouts are widely available and therefore are not reproduced here.


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